During the siege of Paris in 1590, King Henri IV installed an artillery battery on Montmartre and destroyed areas around rue Saint Honoré, Saint Denis and Saint Martin. In the 18th century, Paris was still a walled city which did not yet include Montmartre. In 1860, it was finally annexed by the city of Paris and during the Commune of 1871, the people of Paris gathered in Montmartre to oppose government troops. In the 19th and 20th centuries Montmartre became an artists’ enclave where Pissarro, Toulouse-Lautrec, Steinlen, Van Gogh, Modigliani, Renoir and Picasso lived, worked or spent their evenings in the numerous cafés, bars and cabarets.
As a designated historic area, Montmartre has been preserved from development and has retained much of its character and village-like charm. Explore its winding streets and stairs or take the funicular and visit the Place du Tertre and the Musée de Montmartre located in the home of artist Maurice Utrillo overlooking the vineyard of Montmartre.